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粵音檢字法   INSTRUCTION   首頁   開始檢字   搜尋同音字




使用方法:

撮要

1)按想要輸入字的韻母,若需要再按聲母,就見到該字和全部同聲同韻的字。
2)按該字,該字就出現在上面红色視窗內。
3)輸入全段文字後,按‘選定’然後抄貼 copy & paste 到其它文件。


前言

廣東話發音和普通話分別很大,香港人和廣東人難學拼音輸入法。這軟件利用廣東話近音排列,適當連接,只用鼠標點擊,就能展示各近音字的粵拼和普通話拼音,幫助學習。也可以撿出所要的字,抄貼 copy&paste 到要輸入的文件中。

常用字大約有三千字,這裏採用國家標準GB2312加大版,共約10800字,其中簡繁體共通字約5600字,簡體字和純繁體字各2600字,足夠一般使用。 字有重複,是因爲同字在不同塲合,有不同讀音。


廣東話的聲韻調

廣東話發音由聲Initials, 韻Finals,調Tones 三者合成。聲母有20個,'巴Baa叉Caa打Daa花Faa家Gaa'代表了五個聲母。韻母有56個,'啊aa夜e衣i柯o互u'代表了五個韻母。調分陰平,陰上,陰去,陽平,陽上,陽去等六個,'夫Fu府Fu富Fu扶Fu婦Fu父Fu'代表了同聲同韻的六個調。一般拼音輸入只打聲韻,而不計調。所謂入聲,其實是尾音k,p,t等韻,並非不同調。

傳統廣東話拼音,多用耶魯拼音法,和英文拼音相似。香港語言學學會訂出粵語拼音方案,簡稱粵拼。和耶魯拼法大不相同。電腦軟件多用此法,本軟件採用粵拼和普通話拼音并列對照,適合不同用途。


聲母表

聲母表列出20個聲母(包括第一個的無聲母),首行是粵拼,第二行是韻母aa的代表漢字,第三行是英文拼法。點擊任何一行都可以。粵拼聲母J相等英文y, Z相等英文j。大寫僅為分辨聲韻母,電腦輸入時全用小寫。

點擊聲母,各同聲不同韻的代表字就展現目前。再點擊代表字,就見到全部同聲同韻的漢字,連同粵拼和普通話拼音并列。各不同調的字用逗點分隔,幫助選字。也可以不再點擊,而向下頁尋字。

用法舉例:查'富'字,點擊聲母F(或花,或f), 可以看到所有聲母F的代表字。 富的六個調是'夫府富扶婦父',點擊近音字'夫Fu',就找到富字和它的拼音。用抄貼法 copy&paste 輸入該字。

再舉一例:查'統'字,點擊聲母T (或他,或t), 可以看到所有聲母T的代表字。 統的六個調是'通桶痛同..',點擊近音字'通Tung',就找到統字和它的拼音。


韻母表

韻母表列出56個韻母,共分三組:左邊三直行是無尾音字,中間三直行是尾音k,p,t字 (即所謂入聲字),右邊三直行是鼻音m,n和ng字。先決定字屬那組,點擊該組的同韻字,全部同韻漢字連同拼音就展現目前。可以再點擊聲母,就得到所有同聲同韻字。也可以不再點擊,而向下頁尋字。

用法舉例:查'富'字,點擊韻母'互u', 可以看到所有同韻字,再點擊聲母F,就找到富字和它的拼音。

再舉一例:查'統'字,點擊韻母'用ung', 可以看到所有同韻字,再點擊聲母T,就找到統字和它的拼音。

用韻母表檢字,比用聲母表更好。只要懂得押韻,熟記韻母表,快速一兩下點擊,就得到一字。


廣東話發音

要查閱漢字的廣東話發音,可按‘搜尋同音字’,將該字抄貼到红色小視窗內,就能看到該字的全部同音字,和它們的粵語拼音和普通話拼音。


學習方法

1)應用聲母表,點擊每個聲母,讀出各同聲字,確定該聲母讀音。

2)熟讀韻母表。點擊每個韻母,讀出各同韻字,確定該韻母讀音。若想學普通話拼音,就牢記拼法。

3)抄貼一段文章到Notepad或Word,用這軟件跟着撿字。抄貼copy&paste撿來的字到文件內。遇到困難,可按‘同音字’,並將文章內該字抄貼到小視窗內,必能尋到。

4)學普通話拼音,可參考另一軟件'近音檢字法pinyinAID'.
http://pinyinaid.mrpinyin.net


軟件下載和安裝

這軟件是個HTML文件,不需安奘。建議放進Favorite(Bookmarks)中,隨時使用。可在下面網址免費下載:

http://sites.google.com/site/pinyinsite/


版權與修正

爲推廣漢字輸入法,作者不保留版權。歡迎將設計概念或原碼,放進輸入法中。粵音檢字法亦可用作外省人學廣東話,或廣東人學普通話的教學輔助工具。

處理逾萬漢字,過程繁雜,手民之誤,在所難免。請電郵 mrpinyin@hotmail.com 指正和提出建議,謝謝。









INSTRUCTION:

Summary

1)Press the Initial of the input character. Then press the Final if necessary. The input character and all other characters with the same sound will appear.
2)Press the required character; the character will appear in the red windows above.
3)After inputting the entire paragraph, press'Select' and then copy & paste the paragraph to other documents。


Introduction

Cantonese and Mandarin pronunciation are very different. It is hard for the people in Hong Kong and Canton to learn the Pinyin Input Method. This software arranges together the Chinese characters with similar Cantonese pronunciation, and provides linkage between them. With a few mouse clicks it displays these characters and their Cantonese Pinyin as well as the Putonghua (Mandarin) Pinyin; and hence helps the users to learn. The users may also copy and paste the needed character to any documents.

There are about 3000 common-use characters. Here we adopt the extended GB2312 Version (Guojia Biaozhen - National Standard) with 10800 characters. It includes 5600 characters common to the simplified and traditional style; and 2600 simplified characters and 2600 pure traditional characters. It should be enough for any usual applications. There are some duplicates because the same character may be pronounced differently in various situations.


Initials, Finals and Tones of the Cantonese

The pronunciation of Cantonese consists of 3 parts: Initials, Finals, and Tones. There are 20 Initials, with examples like '巴Baa叉Caa打Daa花Faa家Gaa'. There are 56 Finals, with examples like '啊aa夜e衣i柯o互u'. The 6 Tones are High, Low-Mid to High, Mid, Low-Mid to Low, Low to Low-Mid, and Low-Mid. An example is '夫Fu府Fu富Fu扶Fu婦Fu父Fu'. They represent the 6 different Tones but all have the same pinyin because almost all Pinyin Input Methods ignore the Tones. Note that the so called "Inward Tone" is in fact the Finals ending with k,p,and t; and should not be classified as different tones.

Traditionally most people use the Yale Pinyin for Cantonese. It is very similar to the English spelling. The Linguistic Society of Hong Kong designed the Cantonese Romanization Scheme, named as Jyutping, which is quite different from the Yale Pinyin. Most of the computer software use this Scheme. This software also adopts it and shows it together with the corresponding Putonghua (Mandarin) Pinyin to suit various purposes.


Initials Table

The Initials Table shows the 20 Initials (including the first one for no Initial). The first line is Jyutping (Cantonese Pinyin). The second line is its representative Chinese Character with "aa" as the Final. The third line is the English spelling. Striking any line will give the same result.

In Jyutping the Initial J is equivalent to the English y; and Z equivalent to j. The capital letters are used just for differentiating them from the Finals. Small letters should be used during computer input.

Clicking the Initial will show all the representative characters with various Finals but for the same Initial. Click again the representative character will give all the characters with the same Initial and Final, together with their Cantonese Pinyin and Putonghua (Mandarin) Pinyin. To make it easier for selection, characters with different Tones are separated by the period mark. It is also possible to find the required character not by clicking the representative character but just search the pages below.

Usage Example: To search the character 富, click the Initial F (or 花, or f). The representative characters with Initial F will be displayed. The 6 Tones of 富 are '夫府富扶婦父'. Clicking the character '夫Fu' (which sounds similar) will show the required character 富 together with its Cantonese Pinyin and Putonghua Pinyin. You can use the copy&paste method to input the character.

Another Example: To search the character 統, click the Initial T (or 他, or t). The representative characters with Initial T will be displayed. The 6 Tones of 統 are '通桶痛同..'. Clicking the character '通Tung' (which sounds similar) will show the required character 統 together with its Cantonese Pinyin and Putonghua Pinyin.


Finals Table

The Finals Table shows the 56 Finals in 3 groups. The first 3 columns at the left have no ending sound. The middle 3 have ending sound k, p, and t (so called "Inward Tone"). The last 3 columns at the right have nasal ending sound m, n, and ng.

To search for a character, first decide which group it belongs to; and then click the character there with similar sound. All the characters with the same Final will be displayed. Clicking the Initial will show the characters of the same Initial and Final. Alternatively, without the second clicking but just check the page below to get the required character.

Usage Example: To search the character 富, click its Final "互u". You can see all the characters of the same Final. Again, clicking the Initial "F" will show the required character together with its Cantonese Pinyin and Putonghua Pinyin.

Another Example: To search for the character 统, click its Final "用ong". You can see all the characters of the same Final. Again, clicking the Initial "T" will show the required character.

It is advisable to use the Finals Table instead of the Initials Table. You only need to understand the concept of matching the Finals sound and memorize the Finals Table. With a couple of clicking you can get the character.


Cantonese Pronunciation

To check for the Cantonese pronunciation of a character you can press 'Search' and then copy and paste the character to the small red window. The character and all other characters with similar sound will be displayed together with the Cantonese Pinyin and Putonghua Pinyin.


Method of Practice

1) Learn to use the Initials Table. Click every Initial and read out the characters and confirm the sound of that Initial.

2) Familiar with the Finals Table. Click each Final and read out the the characters with the same Final to identify the vowel pronunciation. If you want to learn the Putonghua Pinyin, then memorize the spellings.

3) Copy and paste a paragraph of any article to Notepad or Word; and use this software to pick up each character. Copy and paste the picked character to the document. If it fails to find the character then copy and paste the needed character to the small red window and press 'search'. It always works.

4) To learn the Putonghua Pinyin, you can refer to another software '近音检字法pinyinAID'.
http://pinyinaid.mrpinyin.net


Software Download and Installation

This software is a HTML file and not necessary to install. It is suggested to put it in the Favorite (Bookmarks) so that it can be easily invoked. It can be downloaded free-of-charge from the website below:

http://sites.google.com/site/pinyinsite/


Copyright and Revision

In order to promote the Chinese characters input methods, the author does not retain copyright. It is welcomed to put the design concept or original codes in any other software for use. The cantoneseAID 粤音检字法 can also be used as a supplemental tool for teaching and learning Cantonese, or learning Mandarin by the Cantonese people.

It is a tedious job to manipulate over ten thousands Chinese characters and hard to avoid errors. Please send email to mrpinyin@hotmail.com for any correction and recommendation. Thanks.









END
粵音檢字法 cantoneseAID
http://cantonese.mrpinyin.net
mrpinyin@hotmail.com

Cantonese