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粤音检字法   INSTRUCTION   首页   开始检字   搜寻同音字




使用方法:

撮要

1)按想要输入字的韵母,若需要再按声母,就见到该字和全部同声同韵的字。
2)按该字,该字就出现在上面红色视窗内。
3)输入全段文字后,按‘选定’然后抄贴 copy & paste 到其它文件。


前言

广东话发音和普通话分别很大,香港人和广东人难学拼音输入法。这软件利用广东话近音排列,适当连接,只用鼠标点击,就能展示各近音字的粤拼和普通话拼音,帮助学习。也可以捡出所要的字,抄贴 copy&paste 到要输入的文件中。

常用字大约有三千字,这里采用国家标准GB2312加大版,共约10800字,其中简繁体共通字约5600字,简体字和纯繁体字各2600字,足够一般使用。 字有重复,是因为同字在不同塲合,有不同读音。


广东话的声韵调

广东话发音由声Initials, 韵Finals,调Tones 三者合成。声母有20个,'巴Baa叉Caa打Daa花Faa家Gaa'代表了五个声母。韵母有56个,'啊aa夜e衣i柯o互u'代表了五个韵母。调分阴平,阴上,阴去,阳平,阳上,阳去等六个,'夫Fu府Fu富Fu扶Fu妇Fu父Fu'代表了同声同韵的六个调。一般拼音输入只打声韵,而不计调。所谓入声,其实是尾音k,p,t等韵,并非不同调。

传统广东话拼音,多用耶鲁拼音法,和英文拼音相似。香港语言学学会订出粤语拼音方案,简称粤拼。和耶鲁拼法大不相同。电脑软件多用此法,本软件采用粤拼和普通话拼音并列对照,适合不同用途。


声母表

声母表列出20个声母(包括第一个的无声母),首行是粤拼,第二行是韵母aa的代表汉字,第三行是英文拼法。点击任何一行都可以。粤拼声母J相等英文y, Z相等英文j。大写仅为分辨声韵母,电脑输入时全用小写。

点击声母,各同声不同韵的代表字就展现目前。再点击代表字,就见到全部同声同韵的汉字,连同粤拼和普通话拼音并列。各不同调的字用逗点分隔,帮助选字。也可以不再点击,而向下页寻字。

用法举例:查'富'字,点击声母F(或花,或f), 可以看到所有声母F的代表字。 富的六个调是'夫府富扶妇父',点击近音字'夫Fu',就找到富字和它的拼音。用抄贴法 copy&paste 输入该字。

再举一例:查'统'字,点击声母T (或他,或t), 可以看到所有声母T的代表字。 统的六个调是'通桶痛同..',点击近音字'通Tung',就找到统字和它的拼音。


韵母表

韵母表列出56个韵母,共分三组:左边三直行是无尾音字,中间三直行是尾音k,p,t字 (即所谓入声字),右边三直行是鼻音m,n和ng字。先决定字属那组,点击该组的同韵字,全部同韵汉字连同拼音就展现目前。可以再点击声母,就得到所有同声同韵字。也可以不再点击,而向下页寻字。

用法举例:查'富'字,点击韵母'互u', 可以看到所有同韵字,再点击声母F,就找到富字和它的拼音。

再举一例:查'统'字,点击韵母'用ung', 可以看到所有同韵字,再点击声母T,就找到统字和它的拼音。

用韵母表检字,比用声母表更好。只要懂得押韵,熟记韵母表,快速一两下点击,就得到一字。


广东话发音

要查阅汉字的广东话发音,可按‘搜寻同音字’,将该字抄贴到红色小视窗内,就能看到该字的全部同音字,和它们的粤语拼音和普通话拼音。


学习方法

1)应用声母表,点击每个声母,读出各同声字,确定该声母读音。

2)熟读韵母表。点击每个韵母,读出各同韵字,确定该韵母读音。若想学普通话拼音,就牢记拼法。

3)抄贴一段文章到Notepad或Word,用这软件跟着捡字。抄贴copy&paste捡来的字到文件内。遇到困难,可按‘同音字’,并将文章内该字抄贴到小视窗内,必能寻到。

4)学普通话拼音,可参考另一软件'近音检字法pinyinAID'.
http://pinyinaid.mrpinyin.net


软件下载和安装

这软件是个HTML文件,不需安奘。建议放进Favorite(Bookmarks)中,随时使用。可在下面网址免费下载:

http://sites.google.com/site/pinyinsite/


版权与修正

为推广汉字输入法,作者不保留版权。欢迎将设计概念或原码,放进输入法中。粤音检字法亦可用作外省人学广东话,或广东人学普通话的教学辅助工具。

处理逾万汉字,过程繁杂,手民之误,在所难免。请电邮 mrpinyin@hotmail.com 指正和提出建议,谢谢。









INSTRUCTION:

Summary

1)Press the Initial of the input character. Then press the Final if necessary. The input character and all other characters with the same sound will appear.
2)Press the required character; the character will appear in the red windows above.
3)After inputting the entire paragraph, press'Select' and then copy & paste the paragraph to other documents。


Introduction

Cantonese and Mandarin pronunciation are very different. It is hard for the people in Hong Kong and Canton to learn the Pinyin Input Method. This software arranges together the Chinese characters with similar Cantonese pronunciation, and provides linkage between them. With a few mouse clicks it displays these characters and their Cantonese Pinyin as well as the Putonghua (Mandarin) Pinyin; and hence helps the users to learn. The users may also copy and paste the needed character to any documents.

There are about 3000 common-use characters. Here we adopt the extended GB2312 Version (Guojia Biaozhen - National Standard) with 10800 characters. It includes 5600 characters common to the simplified and traditional style; and 2600 simplified characters and 2600 pure traditional characters. It should be enough for any usual applications. There are some duplicates because the same character may be pronounced differently in various situations.


Initials, Finals and Tones of the Cantonese

The pronunciation of Cantonese consists of 3 parts: Initials, Finals, and Tones. There are 20 Initials, with examples like '巴Baa叉Caa打Daa花Faa家Gaa'. There are 56 Finals, with examples like '啊aa夜e衣i柯o互u'. The 6 Tones are High, Low-Mid to High, Mid, Low-Mid to Low, Low to Low-Mid, and Low-Mid. An example is '夫Fu府Fu富Fu扶Fu妇Fu父Fu'. They represent the 6 different Tones but all have the same pinyin because almost all Pinyin Input Methods ignore the Tones. Note that the so called "Inward Tone" is in fact the Finals ending with k,p,and t; and should not be classified as different tones.

Traditionally most people use the Yale Pinyin for Cantonese. It is very similar to the English spelling. The Linguistic Society of Hong Kong designed the Cantonese Romanization Scheme, named as Jyutping, which is quite different from the Yale Pinyin. Most of the computer software use this Scheme. This software also adopts it and shows it together with the corresponding Putonghua (Mandarin) Pinyin to suit various purposes.


Initials Table

The Initials Table shows the 20 Initials (including the first one for no Initial). The first line is Jyutping (Cantonese Pinyin). The second line is its representative Chinese Character with "aa" as the Final. The third line is the English spelling. Striking any line will give the same result.

In Jyutping the Initial J is equivalent to the English y; and Z equivalent to j. The capital letters are used just for differentiating them from the Finals. Small letters should be used during computer input.

Clicking the Initial will show all the representative characters with various Finals but for the same Initial. Click again the representative character will give all the characters with the same Initial and Final, together with their Cantonese Pinyin and Putonghua (Mandarin) Pinyin. To make it easier for selection, characters with different Tones are separated by the period mark. It is also possible to find the required character not by clicking the representative character but just search the pages below.

Usage Example: To search the character 富, click the Initial F (or 花, or f). The representative characters with Initial F will be displayed. The 6 Tones of 富 are '夫府富扶妇父'. Clicking the character '夫Fu' (which sounds similar) will show the required character 富 together with its Cantonese Pinyin and Putonghua Pinyin. You can use the copy&paste method to input the character.

Another Example: To search the character 统, click the Initial T (or 他, or t). The representative characters with Initial T will be displayed. The 6 Tones of 统 are '通桶痛同..'. Clicking the character '通Tung' (which sounds similar) will show the required character 统 together with its Cantonese Pinyin and Putonghua Pinyin.


Finals Table

The Finals Table shows the 56 Finals in 3 groups. The first 3 columns at the left have no ending sound. The middle 3 have ending sound k, p, and t (so called "Inward Tone"). The last 3 columns at the right have nasal ending sound m, n, and ng.

To search for a character, first decide which group it belongs to; and then click the character there with similar sound. All the characters with the same Final will be displayed. Clicking the Initial will show the characters of the same Initial and Final. Alternatively, without the second clicking but just check the page below to get the required character.

Usage Example: To search the character 富, click its Final "互u". You can see all the characters of the same Final. Again, clicking the Initial "F" will show the required character together with its Cantonese Pinyin and Putonghua Pinyin.

Another Example: To search for the character 统, click its Final "用ong". You can see all the characters of the same Final. Again, clicking the Initial "T" will show the required character.

It is advisable to use the Finals Table instead of the Initials Table. You only need to understand the concept of matching the Finals sound and memorize the Finals Table. With a couple of clicking you can get the character.


Cantonese Pronunciation

To check for the Cantonese pronunciation of a character you can press 'Search' and then copy and paste the character to the small red window. The character and all other characters with similar sound will be displayed together with the Cantonese Pinyin and Putonghua Pinyin.


Method of Practice

1) Learn to use the Initials Table. Click every Initial and read out the characters and confirm the sound of that Initial.

2) Familiar with the Finals Table. Click each Final and read out the the characters with the same Final to identify the vowel pronunciation. If you want to learn the Putonghua Pinyin, then memorize the spellings.

3) Copy and paste a paragraph of any article to Notepad or Word; and use this software to pick up each character. Copy and paste the picked character to the document. If it fails to find the character then copy and paste the needed character to the small red window and press 'search'. It always works.

4) To learn the Putonghua Pinyin, you can refer to another software '近音检字法pinyinAID'.
http://pinyinaid.mrpinyin.net


Software Download and Installation

This software is a HTML file and not necessary to install. It is suggested to put it in the Favorite (Bookmarks) so that it can be easily invoked. It can be downloaded free-of-charge from the website below:

http://sites.google.com/site/pinyinsite/


Copyright and Revision

In order to promote the Chinese characters input methods, the author does not retain copyright. It is welcomed to put the design concept or original codes in any other software for use. The cantoneseAID 粤音检字法 can also be used as a supplemental tool for teaching and learning Cantonese, or learning Mandarin by the Cantonese people.

It is a tedious job to manipulate over ten thousands Chinese characters and hard to avoid errors. Please send email to mrpinyin@hotmail.com for any correction and recommendation. Thanks.









END
粤音检字法 cantoneseAID
http://cantonese.mrpinyin.net
mrpinyin@hotmail.com

Cantonese